Photograph of Martin Harris. Image via ChurchofJesusChrist.org
Martin Harris was the first person besides Joseph Smith to be promised a view of the plates which contained the Book of Mormon, on the condition that he “humble himself in mighty prayer and faith” (D&C 5:24
When the day came for the Three Witnesses to see the plates, Martin was again warned that he needed to humble himself before God if he wanted to “look upon the plates.”
Martin struggled to exercise the requisite faith and humility, even as he went into the woods to seek for the promised vision with Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery, and David Whitmer. Martin withdrew from the group, and Joseph, Oliver, and David received the vision without him. Then Joseph sought out Martin, whom he found praying in the woods. The vision was then revealed to Joseph and Martin. Ecstatic at finally being granted a view of the plates, Martin cried out, “’tis enough, ’tis enough, mine eyes have beheld, mine eyes have beheld.”
Throughout his life, Martin continued to bear testimony that he saw an angel and the golden plates, and that he heard a voice from heaven testify that the plates had been translated “by the gift and power of God.” His consistent testimony is documented by more than 100 sources. Most of these are the recollections of others about what Martin said, but a few are first-hand.
In an interview with Joel Tiffany, Martin affirmed that “by the power of God I have seen [the plates].”6 When Martin finally came west to join the Saints in Utah, he spoke at the Salt Lake Tabernacle, declaring, “Previous to my being baptised I became a Witness of the Plates of the Book of Mormon.” In a letter to Hanna Emerson, Martin wrote, “concerning the plates, I do say that the angel did show to me the plates containing the Book of Mormon.” Martin emphatically reaffirmed this in a second letter to Emerson a few months later.
Beyond these brief first-hand statements, many who heard Martin testify left behind their recollections of his testimony. As second-hand documents, singular accounts should be treated with some caution, but collectively they testify to Martin’s lifetime commitment to bear witness of the Book of Mormon.
Not only did Martin Harris see the plates, but he witnessed and participated in the translation of the Book of Mormon. Translating with Martin, by Anthony Sweat.
Skeptics and dissidents who heard Martin testify remembered him talking about seeing the plates with “spiritual eyes,” or the “eye of faith,” which they interpreted as meaning he did not really
see the plates at all, only in “vision” or “imagination.”
Martin, however, was only striving to fulfill his commission to testify that the plates were shown to him “by the power of God and not of man” (D&C 5:25
). Thus, for Martin, seeing with “spiritual eyes” was more—not less
—than seeing with the “natural eye.”
Martin also had undeniably physical encounters with the plates, and many remembered him testifying that he experienced his vision of the angel and the plates with his natural senses. Martin would sometimes physically gesture toward his eyes, ears, and hands, to stress that he had actually seen the angel and the plates, heard the voice from heaven, and handled the plates.
Witnesses remember hearing Martin stress that his vision of the angel and the plates was as real and sure as the shining sun. On other occasions, Martin would point to an object within sight of his hearers—an apple tree, a chopping block, axe-head, or even his own hand—and insist that as sure as they saw that object, he saw the angel with the plates. Martin often stressed that based on his experience with the angel and the plates, he did not believe the Book of Mormon was true, but rather he knew it was true.
Martin Harris and Joseph Smith behold the Angel Moroni, from the film “A Day for the Eternities.”
Martin’s vision of the angel and plates turned him from a cautious and skeptical follower of Joseph Smith, to a man who knew
the Book of Mormon was true, even as he faltered in his faith in some of Joseph’s later prophetic pronouncements.
Martin’s enduring witness was borne not only in his words, but in a lifetime of faithful testimony, which came at high financial and social costs.
He even traveled to England with supporters of James Strang, making him the only one of the three witnesses to bear testimony outside of North America.
Toward the end of his life, Martin could honestly say “no man ever heard me in any way deny the truth of the Book of Mormon, [and] the administration of the angel that showed me the plates.” On his deathbed, several witnesses said that he bore his final testimony of the Book of Mormon, the angel, and the plates with his last audible words.
By Neal Rappleye, cross-posted with the permission of Book of Mormon Central from their website at Evidence Central.
- “It was a clear, open beautiful day, far from any inhabitants, in a remote field, at the time we saw the record, of which it has been spoken, brought and laid before us, by an angel, arrayed in glorious light, [who] ascend [descended I suppose] out of the midst of heaven. Now if this is human juggling—judge ye.”
- Martin Harris, another chief of Mormon imposters, arrived here last Saturday from the bible quarry in New-York. He immediately planted himself in the bar-room of the hotel, where he soon commenced reading and explaining the Mormon hoax, and all the dark passages from Genesis to Revelations. He told all about the gold plates, Angels, Spirits, and Jo Smith.—He had seen and handled them all, by the power of God!
- “I was the right-hand man of Joseph Smith, and I know that he was a Prophet of God. I know the Book of Mormon is true.” Then, smiting his fist on the table, he said–“And you know that I know that it is true. I know that the plates have been translated by the gift and power of God, for his voice declared it unto us; therefore I know of a surety that the work is true. For….did I not at one time hold the plates on my knee an hour-and-a-half, whilst in conversation with Joseph, when we went to bury them in the woods, that the enemy might not obtain them? Yes, I did. And as many of the plates as Joseph Smith translated I handled with my hands, plate after plate….I should think they were so long, or about eight inches, and about so thick, or about four inches, and each of the plates was thicker than the thickest tin.” 
- “I said [to Joseph Smith], if it [the Book of Mormon translation] is the devil’s work I will have nothing to do with it, but if it is the Lord’s, you can have all the money necessary to bring it before the world. He [Joseph] said that the angel told him, that the plates must be translated, printed and sent before the world. I said, Joseph, you know my doctrine, that cursed is every one that putteth his trust in man, and maketh flesh him [sic] arm; and we know that the devil is to have great power in the latter days to deceive if possible the very elect; and I don’t know that you are one of the elect. Now you must not blame me for not taking your word. If the Lord will show me that it is his work, you can have all the money you want.” – 
- Young man, do you see that sun shining through that window? Just so sure as that sun shines and gives us light by day, and the moon and stars give us light by night, just so sure I know the Book of Mormon is true. For I saw the angel, I heard
the <his> voice, I saw and handled the plates upon which the Book of Mormon was written; and by the power and influence of the Holy Ghost, the translation was made by the Prophet Joseph Smith, whom I know by the power and gift of the Holy Ghost, was a true Prophet of God….
- “He believes in the visitation of angels in bodily form, for he has seen and conversed with them, as he thinks, and is satisfied.”
- Bro. Martin visited many of the wards, continuing to bear his testimony both of what he had beheld with his own eyes, and verily knew to be true. He publicly said that many years ago, in Ohio, a number of persons combined [and] sought to get Martin to drink wine for the purpose of crossing him in his testimony. At the conclusion they asked him if he really believed the testimony that he had signed in the Book of Mormon to be true; he replied, no he did not believe it, but, much to their surprise, he said he knew it to be true (italics in original).
- Gentlemen, what I have said is true, from the fact that my belief is swallowed up in knowledge; for I want to say to you that as the Lord lives I do know that I stood with the Prophet Joseph Smith in the presence of the angel, and it was in the brightness of day.
- “I can prove by the Bible the truth of the work, as well as being an eye witness, for I saw the book in the angel’s hands and I also heard his voice, and I bear my testimony to you that I saw his words were fulfilled by my taking the words of a a book to the professor [Charles Anthon], although I did not know it at the time.”
- “Young man, I had the privilege of being with the Prophet Joseph Smith, and with these eyes of mine,” pointing to his eyes, “I saw the angel of the Lord and I saw the plates and the Urim and Thummim and the sword of Laban, and with these ears,” pointing to his ears, “I heard the voice of the angel, and with these hands, “Holding out his hands, “I handled the plates containing the record of the Book of Mormon, and I assisted the Prophet in the translation thereof.”
“Question 1, ‘Did you go to England to lecture against “Mormonism”?’
“Answer. I answer emphatically, No, I did not;—no man ever heard me in any way deny the truth of the Book of Mormon, the administration of the angel that showed me the plates; nor the organization of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, under the administration of Joseph Smith Jun., the prophet the Lord raised up for that purpose, in these the latter days, that he may show forth his power and glory. The Lord has shown me these things by his Spirit–by the administration of holy angels–and confirmed the same with signs following….”
- My mother has prepared I don’t know how many meals for him [Martin Harris], but always the conversation of the early rise of the Church would be the main subject discussed at the table….And he became miffed with the Prophet Joseph because he thought that he should have been one of the leading men in the Church. He had helped Brother Joseph Smith means to publish the Book of Mormon and to assist him in many other ways, and for that reason, I say, and what he had done for the Church, he became miffed; but it would nearly always wind up with the testimony that you find here recorded in the Book of Mormon. He stated that he stood in broad day light, when an angel from Heaven came down with the plates in his arms, and he stood side by side with the angel when the angel did turn over leaf after leaf of the book that had been translated into our language…until he became perfectly satisfied that he has seen enough, and further, that after the angel had shown him the plates and disappeared, he heard a voice from Heaven that thrilled every fiber of his body, stating the the book had been translated by the gift and power of God, and not of man, and he was commanded by the Lord to so make that statement to the world. And he did. Now it was my privilege to hear Martin Harris relate that, time and time again at our table….
- “After they [David Whitmer, Joseph, and Oliver] had been visited by the angel the Prophet then came over to me where I was praying, and I asked the prophet to pray with me…after praying sometime the angel appeared with the golden plates and I saw with these two eyes the angel stand with the gold plates in his hands, and I saw him turn leaf by leaf the plates of gold, and I also heard the voice of the Lord saying that these words were true and translated correctly.”
- “The Prophet Joseph Smith, and Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer and myself, went into a little grove to pray to obtain a promise that we should behold it with our
eyes natural eyes, that we could testify of it to the world.”
- “Now I don’t believe, but I know it [the Book of Mormon] to be true, for with these eyes I saw the angel and with these ears (pointing to them) I heard him say it was a true and correct record of an ancient people that dwelt upon this the American continent, and I hereby testify to you young men that it is true.”
- Gentlemen, do you see that hand? Are you sure you see it? Are your eyes playing a trick or something? No. Well, as sure as you see my hand so sure did I see the angel and the plates.
- When we came out of the meeting Martin Harris was beset with a crowd in the street, expecting he would furnish them with material to war against Mormonism; but when asked if Joseph Smith was a true prophet of God, he answered yes; and when asked if the Book of Mormon was true, this was his answer: “Do you know that is the sun shining on us? Because as sure as you know that, I know that Joseph Smith was a true prophet of God, and that he translated that book by the power of God.”
- On one occasion several of his old acquaintances made an effort to get him tipsy by treating him to some wine. When they thought he was in a good mood for talk they put the question very carefully to him, ‘Well, now, Martin, we want you to be frank and candid with us in regard to this story of your seeing an angel and the golden plates of the Book of Mormon that are so much talked about. We have always taken you to be an honest good farmer and neighbor of ours but could not believe that you did see an angel. Now, Martin, do you really believe that you did see an angel, when you were awake?’ ‘No,’ said Martin, ‘I do not believe it.’ The crowd were delighted, but soon a different feeling prevailed, as Martin true to his trust, said, ‘Gentlemen, what I have said is true, from the fact that my belief is swallowed up in knowledge; for I want to say to you that as the Lord lives I do know that I stood with the Prophet Joseph Smith in the presence of the angel, and it was the brightness of day.”
- The Book of Mormon is no fake. I know what I know. I have seen what I have seen and I have heard what I have heard. I have seen the gold plates from which the Book of Mormon is written. An angel appeared to me and others and testified to the truthfulness of the record, and had I been willing to have perjured myself and sworn falsely to the testimony I now bear I could have been a rich man, but I could not have testified other than I have done and am now doing for these things are true.
For the earliest extant copy of this revelation, see Revelation, March 1829, in Michael Hubbard MacKay, et al., eds., Joseph Smith Papers—Documents, vol. 1: July 1828–June 1831
(Salt Lake City, UT: Church Historian’s Press, 2013), 16–19.
Lucy Mack Smith, Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet
, 1844–1845 draft, in Lavina Fielding Anderson, ed., Lucy’s Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith’s Family Memoir
(Salt Lake City, UT: Signature Books, 2001), 452; also in Larry E. Morris, ed., A Documentary History of the Book of Mormon
(New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2019), 392.
Joseph Smith, History Drafts, 1838–ca. 1841, draft 1, in Karen Lynn Davidson, et al., Joseph Smith Papers—Histories, vol. 1: Joseph Smith Histories, 1832–1844
(Salt Lake City, UT: Church Historian’s Press, 2012), 320.
Quotation from The Testimony of the Three Witnesses, ca. June 1829, printed in the Book of Mormon. For assessment of Martin’s lifetime of testimony, see Richard Lloyd Anderson, Investigating the Book of Mormon Witnesses
(Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 1981), 107–118. See also Susan Easton Black and Larry C. Porter, Martin Harris: Uncompromising Witness of the Book of Mormon
(Provo, UT: BYU Studies, 2018).
The most complete collection of these documents is Dan Vogel, ed., Early Mormon Documents
(Salt Lake City, UT: Signature Books, 1996–2003), 2:260–393 (cited as EMD
from his point on). See also Morris, Documentary History
, 380, 397–402; Preston Nibley, ed., Witnesses of the Book of Mormon
(Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 1968), 112–142.
Joel Tiffany, “Mormonism—No. 2,” Tiffany Monthly
5, no. 4, August 1859, in Morris, Documentary History
, 194. Martin’s claim in this interview that Joseph Smith and the three witnesses are the only
ones to ever see the plates may be alluding to the three witnesses’ unique status as the only ones besides Joseph Smith to be shown the plates by an angelic messenger. In any case, Martin’s testimony of his own experience as one of the three witnesses, and his affirmation here that they saw the plates, is authoritative as a first-hand statement, but he cannot negate the experiences and testimonies of others, such as the eight witnesses, who testified to seeing the plates. See Larry E. Morris, “Empirical Witnesses of the Gold Plates,” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought
52, no. 2 (2019): 75–76.
Martin Harris’s Testimony, September 4, 1870, in Morris, Documentary History
, 297. Morris identifies this as a transcript of Martin’s speech at the Tabernacle, but Vogel (EMD
2:331) considers it a document dictated directly to Edward Stevenson that morning, separate from the speech he gave. See also Black and Porter, Martin Harris
, 431–434. Charlette Adams, who was in attendance at the Tabernacle on this occasion, remembered Martin holding out his arm and saying “I would rather have my right arm cut off than deny the knowledge of seeing and handling the plates” (EMD
2:389, spelling silently corrected). Wilford Woodruff was also in attendance, and recorded in his journal, “Martin Harris arose & bore testimony to the truth of the Book of Mormon.” Wilford Woodruff Journals, 1865 October–1872 December, September 4, 1870, LDS Church Archives.
Martin Harris to H. B. Emerson, November 23, 1870, in Morris, Documentary History
, 237. For some background on this letter, see Richard L. Anderson, “Personal Writings of the Book of Mormon Witnesses,” in Book of Mormon Authorship Revisited: The Evidence for Ancient Origins
, ed. Noel B. Reynolds (Provo, UT: FARMS, 1997), 45–46.
Martin Harris to H. B. Emerson, January 1871, in EMD
Steven C. Harper, “The Eleven Witnesses
,” in The Coming forth of the Book of Mormon: A Marvelous Work and a Wonder
, ed. Dennis L. Largey, et al. (Salt Lake City and Provo, UT: Deseret Book and BYU Religious Studies Center, 2015), 120, 123 discusses the pitfalls of relying on second-hand accounts about the witnesses.
See, for example, Jesse Townsend to Phineas Stiles, December 24, 1833, in EMD
3:20; Stephen Burnett to Lyman E. Johnson, April 15, 1838, in EMD
2:291–293; John A. Clark to Dear Brethren, August 31, 1840, in EMD
2:270; Pomeroy Tucker, Origins, Rise, and Progress of Mormonism
, in EMD
3:122; John H. Gilbert to James T. Cobb, March 16, 1879, in EMD
2:526; A. Metcalf, How I Became a Mormon and Why I Became an Infidel!
(1888), in EMD
2:346; Reuben P. Harmon Statement, ca. 1885, in EMD
2:385. Note that at least half of these (Townsend, Clark, Tucker) do not claim to have spoken directly to Martin about his vision, and are instead reporting rumor.
For discussion and critical evaluation of the sources mentioning “spiritual eyes,” see Anderson, Investigating
, 155–158; Morris, Documentary History
, 370–372; Harper, “The Eleven Witnesses,” 119, 124–127. Even Dan Vogel, who strongly favors these accounts emphasizing the “spiritual” or “visionary” nature of the experience (which Vogel interprets as meaning “subjective”) notes that Martin himself understood this language to be in accordance with D&C 5:25 and 17:2–3 (see EMD
2:254–258). Vogel ultimately concludes, “Regardless of the nature of Harris’s visionary experience with the plates, Harris believed in the book’s verity. His experience apparently gave him the necessary proof he sought” (EMD
Before becoming an official Book of Mormon witness, Martin hefted the box with the plates, and also felt and handled the plates while they were covered by a cloth. See Tiffany, “Mormonism—No. 2,” in Morris, Documentary History
194, 197; David B. Dille, “Additional Testimony of Martin Harris (One of the Three Witnesses),” September 15, 1853, in Millennial Star
21, no. 34 (August 20, 1859), 545.
William Waddoups, “Martin Harris and the Book of Mormon,” statement made in April 20, 1918, in Improvement Era
26, no. 11 (September 1923): 980; Alma L. Jensen, Statement, June 1, 1936, in EMD
George Mantle to Marietta Walker, December 26, 1888, in EMD
2:387; William Harrison Homer, testimony given January 3, 1922, in EMD
2:314; William Pilkington, affidavit, April 3, 1934, in EMD
2:355. See also Anderson, Investigating
Mantle to Walker is recounting what Mantle heard Martin say in Birmingham, England, in 1846. This comparison may have been inspired by his Patriarchal blessing, where he was promised that his testimony would “shine like the sun.” See Black and Porter, Martin Harris
See Comfort E. Godfrey Flinders, dictated to N. B. Lundwall, September 2, 1943, in EMD
2:292; Edward Moroni Thurman, as cited in Anderson, Investigating
, 116; Black and Porter, Martin Harris
, 465–466; William Glenn to O. E. Ficshbacher, in Black and Porter, Martin Harris
, 469–470; George Godfrey, as cited in Black and Porter, Martin Harris
“Martin Harris.—One of the Witnesses of the Book of Mormon,” Deseret News
, September 7, 1870, 866;
John Thompson, Autobiography, in EMD
2:390; Robert Aveson, “The Three Witnesses to the Book of Mormon,” Deseret News
, April 16, 1927, in Black and Porter, Martin Harris
Thomas Godfrey, affidavit, July 2, 1933, in EMD
2:369; John E. Godfrey, affidavit, July 2, 1933, in EMD
2:372; John Buttars, affidavit, July 2, 1933, in EMD
2:368; Alma L. Jensen, affidavit, June 1, 1936, in EMD
2:378. See also the collective statement of Thomas Godfrey, John Buttars, Alma Jensen, John E. Godfrey, and Charley Shumway, in EMD
2:390; Edward Stevenson, “The Three Witnesses to the Book of Mormon. No. II,” Millennial Star
48, no. 23, June 7, 1886, 367; Edward Stevenson, Reminiscences of Joseph, the Prophet, and the Coming forth of the Book of Mormon
(Salt Lake City, UT, 1893), 29–30; Edward Stevenson to Deseret News
Editor, November 20, 1881, in Deseret Evening News
, December 13, 1881.
On the ways Martin exercised caution and skepticism about Joseph’s claims before seeing the angel and plates, see Anderson, Investigating
During the final years of his time in Kirtland, Martin was financially destitute and a social pariah. See H. Michael Marquardt, “Martin Harris: The Kirtland Years, 1831–1870,” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought
35, no. 3 (2002): 38–39. Samuel F. Whitney remembered of Martin, “The last years of his stay in Kirtland he suffered extreme poverty” and had “spent his estate in promulgating Mormonism.” Rev. S. F. Whitney, signed statement to Arthur B. Deming, March 6, 1885, in Naked Truths about Mormonism
1, no. 1, January 1888, 3 col. 6. Even back in Utah, Martin was stigmatized for being unfaithful for so many years. See Martin Harris Jr. to George A. Smith, July 13, 1875, in Black and Porter, Martin Harris
On Martin’s trip to England, see Robin Scott Jensen, “A Witness in England: Martin Harris and the Strangite Mission,” BYU Studies
44, no. 3 (2005): 79–98. Since Martin arrived as a Strangite missionary, heated polemics were directed at him and the other Stangite missionaries by the leaders of the Church in England, who supported the Twelve. Martin personally felt the sting of the harsh rebukes, but still testified faithfully of the Book of Mormon. See “Religious Imposters,” Millennial Star
9, no. 6, March 15, 1847, 85–89; Mantle to Walker, in EMD
2:387; Harris to Emerson, January 1871, in EMD
2:338; Charles Derry, in the True Latter Day Saints’ Herald
23, no. 7, April 1, 1876, 198.
Harris to Emerson, January 1871, in EMD
Martin Harris Jr. to George A. Smith, July 9, 1875, in EMD
2:392; “Martin Harris,” Deseret Evening News
, July 17, 1875, 3;
George Godfrey, affidavit, October 29, 1921; William Harrison
Homer, “The Passing of Martin Harris,” Improvement Era
26, no. 5 (March 1926): 472 (statement written and signed July 10, 1925); William Pilkington to Vern C. Poulter, February 28, 1930, in EMD
Oliver Cowdery and Martin Harris, in letter dated 29 November 1829, quoted in Corenlius C. Blatchly, “THE NEW BIBLE
, written on plates of Gold or Brass,” Gospel Luminary
2/49 (10 Dec. 1829): 194.
David B. Dille, statement, 15 September 1853, “Additional Testimony of Martin Harris (One of the Three Witnesses) to the Coming Forth of the Book of Mormon,” Millennial Star
21 (20 August 1859): 545-59; cited in Dan Vogel (editor), Early Mormon Documents
(Salt Lake City, Signature Books, 1996–2003), 5 vols, 2:297-298.
Martin Harris, interview with Joel Tiffany, 1859, in “Mormonism—No. II,” Tiffanys Monthly
(August 1859): 163-70; in Dan Vogel (editor), Early Mormon Documents
(Salt Lake City, Signature Books, 1996–2003), 5 vols, 2:309.
Martin Harris to W.H. Homer in December 1869, in William Harrison Homer, “Testimony given by Brother W.H. Homer, January 3, 1922, 5:15 P.M., at 2522 No. Kodaio Blvd., Chicago, the home of his son-in-law and daughter, Mr and Mrs. Merrill O. Maugh<an>,” LDS Church Archives; in Dan Vogel (editor), Early Mormon Documents
(Salt Lake City, Signature Books, 1996–2003), 5 vols, 2:314.
Martin Harris interview with Iowa State Register
, 28 August 1870, “A Witness to the Book of Mormon,” Iowa State Register
(Des Moines) (28 August 1870); in Dan Vogel (editor), Early Mormon Documents
(Salt Lake City, Signature Books, 1996–2003), 5 vols, 2:330.
Martin Harris interview with E. Stevenson, February 1870 in Edward Stevenson to the Editor, 30 November 1881, Deseret Evening News
15 (13 December 1881). Reprinted in Deseret News
30 (28 December 1881): 763; Millennial Star
44 (30 January 1882): 78-79; 4 (6 February 1882): 86-87; cited in Dan Vogel (editor), Early Mormon Documents
(Salt Lake City, Signature Books, 1996–2003), 5 vols, 2:321.
Martin Harris interview with E. Stevenson, February 1870 in Edward Stevenson, “THe Three Witnesses to the Book of Mormon. No. II,” Millennial Star
48 (7 June 1886): 366-68; cited in Dan Vogel (editor), Early Mormon Documents
(Salt Lake City, Signature Books, 1996–2003), 5 vols, 2:321.
Martin Harris interview with E. Stevenson, in Edward Stevenson, Reminiscences of Joseph, the Prophet and the Coming Forth of the Book of Mormon
(Salt Lake City: Edward Stevenson, 1893), 30–33 in Dan Vogel (editor), Early Mormon Documents
(Salt Lake City, Signature Books, 1996–2003), 5 vols, 2:326.
Note that Harris handling the plates was likely prior to the witness experience, while they were covered, in assisting Joseph early on with the translation.
Martin Harris, interview with William Waddoups, September 1870, “Martin Harris and the Book of Mormon,” Improvement Era
26 (September 1923): 980; in Dan Vogel (editor), Early Mormon Documents
(Salt Lake City, Signature Books, 1996–2003), 5 vols, 2:335.
Martin Harris to H.B. Emerson, Janaury 1871, Saints’ Herald
22 (15 October 1875): 630. Reprinted in Millennial Star
39 (1 January 1877): 5; in Dan Vogel (editor), Early Mormon Documents
(Salt Lake City, Signature Books, 1996–2003), 5 vols, 2:338.
Martin Harris account of multiple statements to Thomas Farley, circa 1874-75; “Talk Given by Theodore Farley, Sr., at Priesthood Session of Sharon Stake Quarterly Conference, 23 March 1940,” 1-2 typescript, LDS Church Archives; in Dan Vogel (editor), Early Mormon Documents
(Salt Lake City, Signature Books, 1996–2003), 5 vols, 2:391.
Martin Harris interview with John E. Godfrey, May 1875 in John E. Godfrey, Affidavit, 2 June [July] 1933, LDS Church Archives; Published in Deseret News
(church section), 15 July 1933, 5; in Dan Vogel (editor), Early Mormon Documents
(Salt Lake City, Signature Books, 1996–2003), 5 vols, 2:372.
Martin Harris Interview with Ole A. Jensen, July 1875 in Ole A. Jensen, “Testimony of Martin Harris (ONe of the Witnesses of the Book of Mormon),” undated (c. 1918), original in private possession, photocopies at Utah State Historical Society, LDS Church Archives, and Special Collections of BYU’s Harold B. Lee Library; cited in Dan Vogel (editor), Early Mormon Documents
(Salt Lake City, Signature Books, 1996–2003), 5 vols, 2:375.
Martin Harris, interview with Alma L. Jensen, 4 July 1875, statement 1 June 1936, Dayton, Idaho, typescript, in archives, Harold B. Library, BYU; cited in Dan Vogel (editor), Early Mormon Documents
(Salt Lake City, Signature Books, 1996–2003), 5 vols, 2:378.
Richard Lloyd Anderson, Investigating the Book of Mormon Witnesses
(Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1981), 116. ISBN 0877478465.
Letter of Elder Edward Stevenson to the Millennial Star
quoted in William Edwin Berrett, The Restored Church
(Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1974), 57–58.
George Godfrey, “Testimony of Martin Harris,” from an unpublished manuscript copy in the possession of his daughter, Florence (Godfrey) Munson of Fielding, Utah.